Thursday, August 27, 2009

Surah Al Maida (5:17) – Interstellar Space



لَّقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ قُلْ فَمَن يَمْلِكُ مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا إِنْ أَرَادَ أَن يُهْلِكَ الْمَسِيحَ ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ وَأُمَّهُ وَمَن فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا وَلِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

Certainly they disbelieve who say: Surely, Allah-- He is the Messiah, son of Marium. Say: Who then could control anything as against Allah when He wished to destroy the Messiah son of Marium and his mother and all those on the earth? And Allah's is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what is between them; He creates what He pleases; and Allah has power over all things

M Shakir's Quran Translation

Interstellar Space

Text to consider in this Ayat is: وَلِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا
And Allah's is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what is between them. Interstellar space, expanse between stars was earlier thought to exist of vacuum. Before modern electromagnetic theory, early physicists postulated that an invisible luminiferous aether existed as a medium to carry light waves. Later on in the 20th century the advent of deep photographic imaging allowed Edward Barnard to produce the first images of dark nebulae silhouetted against the background star field of the galaxy, while the first actual detection of cold diffuse matter in interstellar space was made by Johannes Hartmann in 1904 through the use of absorption line spectroscopy. The interstellar medium consists of an extremely dilute (by terrestrial standards) mixture of ions, atoms, molecules, larger dust grains, cosmic rays, and (galactic) magnetic fields. (Spitzer, L. (1978), Physical Processes in the Interstellar Medium).In our own galaxy, the Milky Way, we can see glowing gas and dark, obscuring dust between the galaxy's many visible stars. This gas and dust makes up interstellar matter. Galaxies differ in the density of interstellar matter that they contain. Spiral galaxies, such as the Milky Way, have much more interstellar matter than elliptical galaxies, which have almost none. About 3 percent of the mass of the Milky Way Galaxy is interstellar gas, and 1 percent is interstellar dust. Stars make up the rest of the ordinary matter in the galaxy. Dark matter—a material that does not reflect or emit light or other forms of electromagnetic radiation—also makes up some of the mass of the galaxy. Astronomers consider interstellar matter separately from intergalactic matter, or matter between galaxies.

Thorndike (1930) noted that "it could scarcely have been believed that the enormous gaps between the stars are completely void. Terrestrial auroras are not improbably excited by charged particles from the Sun emitted by the Sun. If the millions of other stars are also ejecting ions, as is undoubtedly true, no absolute vacuum can exist within the galaxy." (Thorndike, S. L. (1930), "Interstellar Matter", Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific )

Hydrogen gas makes up most of the interstellar matter, but essentially all of the chemical elements occur in interstellar matter. About 90 percent of the atoms in space are hydrogen, about 9 percent helium, and less than 1 percent consists of all the other chemical elements. The interstellar matter is so spread out that the space it occupies would be considered a vacuum in laboratories on Earth. (Source: Encarta Encyclopedia 2007)


Scientists state that first of all, a mass of hot gas increased in density. This mass later divided into smaller parts to form galactic matter and later still, the stars and planets. To put it another way, the Earth along with stars around it, are all parts which separated from a united body of gas. Some of these parts brought the suns and planets into being, thus leading to the emergence of the many Solar Systems and galaxies.

This fact is also mentioned in the Holy Quran. We will discuss in detail under that Ayat.

ثُمَّ اسْتَوَى إِلَى السَّمَاء وَهِيَ دُخَانٌ فَقَالَ لَهَا وَلِلْأَرْضِ اِئْتِيَا طَوْعًا أَوْ كَرْهًا قَالَتَا أَتَيْنَا طَائِعِينَ

Then He directed Himself to the heaven and it is a smoke, so He said to it and to the earth: Come both, willingly or unwillingly. They both said: We come willingly.
(Surah Fussilat 41:11)

Ayaat of Quran on interstellar matter

Surah Maida 5:18, Surah Hajr 15:85, Surah Maryam 19:65, Surah Taha 20:6, Surah Anbiya 21:16, Surah Furqan 25:59, Surah Shua'ra 26:24, Surah Shua'ra 26:28, Surah Rum 30:8, Surah Sajdah 32:4, Surah Saafat 37:5, Surah Saad 38:10, Surah Saad 38:27, Surah Saad 38:66,Surah Fussilat 41:11, Surah Zukhruf 43:85, Surah Dukhan 44:7, Surah Dukhan 44:38, Surah Ahqaaf 46:3, Surah Qaaf 50:38, Surah Naba 78:37.




See the complete list of Scientific Miracles in Surah Al Maida here


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