Saturday, August 29, 2009

Surah Al A’araf (7:130,134) – Destruction at Pharaoh’s time


وَلَقَدْ أَخَذْنَا آلَ فِرْعَونَ بِالسِّنِينَ وَنَقْصٍ مِّن الثَّمَرَاتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَذَّكَّرُونَ

And certainly We overtook Firon's people with droughts and diminution of fruits that they may be mindful.

فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الطُّوفَانَ وَالْجَرَادَ وَالْقُمَّلَ وَالضَّفَادِعَ وَالدَّمَ آيَاتٍ مُّفَصَّلاَتٍ فَاسْتَكْبَرُواْ وَكَانُواْ قَوْمًا مُّجْرِمِينَ

Therefore We sent upon them widespread death, and the locusts and the lice and the frog and the blood, clear signs; but they behaved haughtily and they were a guilty people. [7-133]

Destruction at Pharaoh's time

Pharaoh (Firaun) and his followers were caught in the afflictions sent down by Allah at the time of Prophet Musa. Allah calls those afflictions as 'clear signs'. Allah tested them with droughts, diminution of fruits, widespread death, locusts, lice, frog and blood.

Ancient Egyptian literature is characterized by a wide diversity of types and subject matter. It dates from the Old Kingdom (about 2575-2134 bc) into the Greco-Roman period (after 332 bc), and the works employ such literary devices as simile, metaphor, alliteration, and punning. The individual authors of several compositions dating from the Old Kingdom and the Middle Kingdom (2040-1640 bc) were revered in later periods. They came from the educated class of priests and upper-level government officials, and their audience was largely educated people like themselves.

This Islamic account of this period of this human history has been confirmed by the discovery in Egypt, in the early 19th century, of the Ipuwer papyruses dating back to the Middle Kingdom. After the discovery of this papyrus, it was sent to the Leiden Dutch Museum in 1909 and translated by A. H. Gardiner, a prominent scholar of ancient Egypt (See Allah's Miracles in the Quran by Harun Yahya Pg 288). In the papyrus were described such disasters in Egypt as famine, drought and the fleeing of the slaves from Egypt. Moreover, it appears that the writer of the papyrus, one Ipuwer, had actually witnessed these events. This is how the Ipuwer papyrus refers to these catastrophes described in the Qur'an:

Plague is throughout the land. Blood is everywhere.
(Admonitions of Ipuwer 2:5-6)

The river is blood. (Admonitions of Ipuwer 2:10)

Forsooth, that has perished which yesterday was seen. The land is left over to its weariness like the cutting of flax. (Admonitions of Ipuwer 5:12)

Lower Egypt weeps... The entire palace is without its revenues. To it belong (by right) wheat and barley, geese and fish.
(Admonitions of Ipuwer 10:3-6)

Forsooth, grain has perished on every side.
(Admonitions of Ipuwer 6:3)

Men shrink from tasting-human beings, and thirst after water.
(Admonitions of Ipuwer 2:10)

That is our water! That is our happiness! What shall we do in respect thereof? All is ruin!
(Admonitions of Ipuwer 3:10-13)

The towns are destroyed. Upper Egypt has become dry. (Admonitions of Ipuwer 2:11)

The residence is overturned in a minute. (Admonitions of Ipuwer 7:4)

We see that the description given in the Quran is in perfect conciliation with what is mentioned in the 'authentic' historical documents. It is not possible that the Prophet Muhammad SAW could have read those documents. He never travelled to Egypt and he was an illiterate. Who was telling the Prophet Muhammad incidents which took centuries before him: Allah.

These are announcements relating to the unseen which We reveal to you, you did not know them-- (neither) you nor your people-- before this. (Surah Hood 12:49)



See the complete list of Scientific Miracles in Surah Al Aa'raf here


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